The goal of this site is to provide coin collectors and the general public with guides to help identify, catalog, and learn about world coins.
The World Coin Database strives to differentiate itself from other world coin sites by having extensive searching and browsing capabilities.
Please feel free to send comments, questions, and suggestions to [email protected]
New coins are added frequently, so check back often.
Persia became a powerful empire under Cyrus the Great between 600 and 529 BC.
In 546 BC it captured Sardis in Lydia which was the home of King Croesus and the first ever coins.
), standardized units of metal used as a medium of exchange, first introduced into Persia by the Achaemenid Darius I (521-486 B. E.) Coins differ from earlier media of exchange in that they are usually uniform in weight and purity of the metal and are recognized by the state as valid currency for discharge of tax and other financial obligations.
Their introduction simplified exchanges, for people who did not know how to calculate in fractions or decimals and had no knowledge of metallurgy could rely on them without having to weigh and test them in every transaction. Occasionally double dinars were also struck, as well as one-third and one-sixth dinars, the latter corresponding to the Roman tremissis of 1.5 g.
Persian numbers: Coins using the AH (Anno Hegirae) system date from the time in 622 AD when Mohammed "fled" from Mecca, escaping to Medina. Japanese coins are dated by ruling emperor (year of accession) plus the regnal year.Prior to 1948 regnal numbers are read from right to left.The obverse design of these showed the king in a running kneeling position holding a spear and a bow.In 330 BC, Darius was captured by Alexander the Great of Macedon, and the great days of the Persian Empire ended.Since then Persia has had a chequered history being conquered by Assyrians, Medes, Macedonians, Seljuks, Turks and Mongols, but has retained much of its own character.